Stains are used to change or enhance the natural color of wood. The goal is to do this without hiding the figure and grain characteristics of the wood in the process. How well this is accomplished depends on the characteristics of colorants used and the properties of the stain base in which they are mixed.
The 2 most common stain types are spray only stains and wiping stains. While each stain system has its own characteristics; both can use pigments and/or dyes to develop the desired stain color, so let’s start by looking at the colorants used in stains.
The pigments most commonly used in stains are normally the same pigments used in glazes and paints. They are opaque and the pigment particles are of a fairly large size. Milesi however takes a different approach.
The Milesi KROMOROLLER solvent base and KROMOPASTEL water base pigment pastes have some particular properties that make them very effective in getting beautiful rich color on wood.
First, the pigments are semi-transparent, as opposed to opaque, so they color the wood while still letting light pass through them and down to the wood’s surface. This makes it possible to unify the wood’s color while minimizing the masking of the natural characteristics of the wood.
Next, they are a very concentrated micro grind paste. This means that the pigment particle is much smaller than those normally found in standard pigment formulations enabling them to distribute color very evenly and again reduces the muddiness normally associated with pigments in stains. It also helps these pigments stay in suspension.
The second color component in the stain systems are the Milesi KROMOLUX dye concentrates. They offer the ultimate in color clarity and highlight the aesthetic qualities of the wood. These versatile dyes are soluble in both water and solvents and offer excellent lightfastness. They are available in a wide range of colors.
The Milesi stain building process continues with the addition of binders to the colorants rather than the use of traditional stain bases. In general, the use of binders brings greater color uniformity, better grain filling, increased product yield, and better coating adhesion. Depending on the product they are added at a rate of 1 to 30%.
The choice and use of a stain type is strictly connected with the desired look, the type of wood and application method. The wide range of application techniques and mixing possibilities between different Milesi components lets you create the perfect color, no matter what.